Firstable, if you wan't to know the geopolitics of a country, let me introduce you to Taiwain with the geography, demography and the history of this beautiful country.
Distance from the Chinese mainland, 150 km.
The tropic of cancer runs through Taiwan, with subtropical climate in the North and tropical climate in the South. 60% of the area is covered by the Central Mountain Range (highest peak is Yushan 3.997 m). Only scarce mineral resources.
Population of about 23 million (7 million in Taipei city), more than 70% originate from Fujian (simply "Taiwanese"). 10% originate from Guangdong (South of China ). 2% aborigines. 15% mainland refugees and their offspring.
Originally inhabited by aboriginal people of Malay-Polynesian descent, Taiwan has been under the control of numerous different nations over the years
Let me explain you the history of Taiwain with the 4 major dates of is history.
1624 – The Dutch, observing no signs of Chinese imperial rule, gain control of Taiwan and establish a colony with some settlements and forts. With the Dutch come Chinese laborers who eventually settle and marry aboriginal wives.
1662 – Cheng Cheng-Kung from the Ming Dynasty in Taiwain, better known as Koxinga, ousts the Dutch out of Taiwan and vows to reinstate the Ming Dynasty in Mainland China. The ensuing period, is one of a corrupt Chinese government and of rebellions, leading to the phrase “Every three years an uprising, every five years a rebellion”
Koxinga, Emperor (Dynasty Ming, Taiwain)
1895 – China cedes Taiwan to Japan under the Treaty of Shimonoseki following the Sino-Japanese War. The Taiwanese initially oppose Japanese rule and declare themselves an independent republic; however, the Japanese military easily puts down the rebellion. Japanese rule is harsh, but not corrupt. Treating Taiwan almost like a province, Japan builds a strong educational system that teaches all Taiwanese students the Japanese language, while also improving infrastructure, trains, roads, and industry.
N.B: That explain why taiwainese people are so respectful,polite and rigorous. It's also the safest country in the world.
Treaty of Shimonoseki
1945 – After being defeated during World War Two, Japan leave the control of Taiwan. China places Taiwan temporarily under the control of Chiang Kai-Shek and the Kuomintang (KMT) Nationalist party. When the Communists take control of mainland China, the Nationalists flee to Taiwan and the “temporary” control becomes permanent.
TAIWAIN GEOPOLITICS TODAY
Official designation: "Republic of China", capital: Taipei, official language: Mandarin Chinese, currency: "New Taiwan Dollar" (NT$).
President: CHEN Shuibian Prime Minister: YÜ Shyi-kun.
Ruling party: DPP ("Democratic Progressive Party": "Minzhu Jinbu Dang")
Main opposition party: Kuomintang (KMT, ie "National People's Party")
After these many influences suffered in recent years. Taiwain has a very complex geopolitical situation.
Firstable, relationships with China are terrible. Taiwain wants his independnace while China believes that this island belongs to them. Moreover, the ideologies of the two countries are very different. Even if since few years, China and Taiwan's relationship has improved greatly.
Also there is an other major geopilitic problem on these island; Taiwan and the UN. Taiwain is not recognize as a "country" for the United Nation. Let me tell you why;
From the 1960s onward, nations friendly to the PRC (China), especially those with communist influences, started to lobby for the PRC to occupy the China seat the UN, as part of the One-China policy, which states that countries seeking diplomatic relations with the PRC must break official relations with the ROC and vice versa. In other words, there can only be one legitimate China.
For much of that decade, the United States was able to assemble the majority votes to block resolutions intended to expel the ROC. However, as more and more newly-independent developing nations began to join the UN, the Western dominance of the General Assembly gradually weakened. On October 25, 1971, the resolution passed and the ROC was forced to abdicate its seat to the PRC. By November 23, 1971, the ROC as a political name had lost all representation in the United Nations.
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